Can the Koch Brothers Block the Sun? An Experiment in Iowa

Iowa, solar panel, Waco Community School District
Iowa General Assembly casts shadow on School District’s solar project Photo credit: U.S. Government / Wikimedia and  WACO CSD

Last year, Darrell Smith, the superintendent of a school on the verge of financial ruin, had an idea that could save it: switch to solar power. Hog and turkey farmers were already using it, he thought, so why not a school?

Thanks to Smith’s inspiration, the WACO Community School in Crawfordsville, Iowa, took the bold step of investing over $1 million in solar energy. The gamble paid off: The school cut electricity bills by 90 percent, and school officials were barraged with inquiries from those interested in emulating the project.

But saving money through clean energy apparently did not sit too well with powerful figures in the fossil fuel lobby, who would like to undercut any moves toward solar.


WhoWhatWhy first reported on the Iowa initiative last August. Nine months later, in time for Earth Day, we decided to check in on the project.

Combatting climate change requires constant vigilance against the well-funded anti-solar forces, which is why we are watching this one closely.

We found that its successful implementation generated local press coverage throughout Iowa, piqued the interest of other budget-conscious administrators, and helped the school district avoid a budget crisis.

But the increasing number of Iowans relying on solar power also attracted the attention of Iowa’s major utility company and a lawmaker affiliated with the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) — a conservative nonprofit funded by the Koch brothers that has pushed for anti-solar legislation across the country.

David vs. Goliath


Arrayed against this Koch-supported opposition is a coalition of local educators. In addition to Smith, there is Jeff  Nance, principal of WACO’s junior and senior high school, and Norm Atwood, manager of the renewable energy company, Atwood Electric, which installed the panels.

“It was the first big project in the state,” Atwood said. After completing the installation last year, his company began receiving calls from other school administrators around the state.

“We talk to schools and everybody knows about that project. [Superintendent Smith] told us that his phone was ringing off the hook with questions.”

Since then, Atwood has submitted bids to install solar panels in Cardinal, Davenport, and Iowa Falls.

“A Lot of Politics Going On”


Still, it hasn’t been all sunshine and roses. Though the panels themselves have worked as planned, Nance said that Alliant Energy, a utility company that operates throughout Iowa and Wisconsin, changed the rules on how the district sells back any excess energy it generates.

The original plan stipulated that when the panels generated more energy than the school could use, the district would sell that excess energy to Alliant at an agreed-upon price. But according to Nance, “Alliant has a little bit of a monopoly,” and the utility decreased the reimbursement rate for excess energy.

The district initially estimated saving over $100,000 by the end of the school year, but now Nance is estimating savings of around $30,000, which he pointed out is still a significant boost to the school budget.

“There’s a lot of politics behind the scenes going on,” Atwood said. That is evidenced by legislation proposed by GOP Rep. Dave Heaton, a member of ALEC, who introduced a bill in the Iowa legislature that would further reduce the amount utilities had to pay to customers who generate excess energy with a solar installation.

Similar battles over solar are being fought nationwide. Nevada’s utilities commission announced increased monthly fees and decreased reimbursements for solar users — in addition to a retroactive erasure of any savings generated from solar.

The New York Times noted that Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval has received donations from NV Energy, a utility company that was once an ALEC member.

Where the Sun Shines


Atwood expressed doubts that something similar could happen in Iowa, as many Iowan farmers support and use solar. In fact, he said there’s a lot of frustration that the utilities “have a monopoly and we don’t have a choice of where we buy power from, and now that we own power they change the rules so that we can’t benefit from it much.”

Of course, there are benefits from using solar energy that go beyond the purely financial. Nance said that science teachers are using solar panels in their classrooms to teach kids about power generation and to start conversations about energy conservation.

Overall, Nance said, the community’s reception to the solar panels has been positive, aside from a few complaints about aesthetics. At the right time of day, the solar panels will reflect blinding light into the windows of homes across the street from the school.

“One guy said he could fry an egg on his forehead because of the light,” Nance said. “Now that’s something I’d like to see.”

Related front page panorama photo credit: Adapted by WhoWhatWhy from solar panel (WACO CSD)

Where else do you see journalism of this quality and value?

Please help us do more. Make a tax-deductible contribution now.

Our Comment Policy

Keep it civilized, keep it relevant, keep it clear, keep it short. Please do not post links or promotional material. We reserve the right to edit and to delete comments where necessary.


4 responses to “Can the Koch Brothers Block the Sun? An Experiment in Iowa”

  1. ORAXX says:

    Anyone who says unrestricted capitalism always leads to a good outcome, needs to read this story.

  2. Bill Lohman says:

    We have witnessed the encroachment of corporate interests into public schools and universities with grants and donations that seem innocuous at first. But, as we’ve learned, there are always strings attached. Over the years, schools start to rely on and include the grants in their budgets to make up for the ever decreasing funding from the government.
    When the schools step out of the mold the corporations want, the schools then find themselves caught in a financial web created by corporate and government collusion that does not have the best interests of student education in mind. Instead, school are forced by government edict to bow to a ideological Neo-LibCon agenda that sees people as budget line items instead of “Human Beings with the “Rights” enshrined in the US Constitution.
    The corporate education model is rapidly coming into focus as University education costs have been made prohibitive for most people, while a whole new industry of technical colleges have sprung up which are mostly service related. The “Critical Thinking” That used to be taught at ALL levels of education, primary, secondary and University has been removed from most school curriculum.
    Corporations want people trained to perform tasks and those with higher education able to direct the workers so that productivity is maximized. They want people smart enough to do the jobs but not smart enough to complain or organize. (Think of the Union busting started by Reagan).
    What we have here is a corporate and government attempt to stifle creative thinking in response to ever dwindling resources. Why??? Because it interferes with the profit margins of personal and corporate interests.
    Strange how we are told to conserve energy and as soon as you do, the energy utilities scream and raise their rates to consumers. It’s a corporate-government created “CATCH 22” designed, like many deregulated industries, to continually suck “Wealth” from citizens no matter how they try to save.
    Gov. Branstad sits on the boards of education and health corporations that clearly benefit from the Governor’s decisions. He was appointed by George the younger, to the Pres. Commission for Excellence in Special Education. Who benefited from his closing two of the four Mental facilities in the state? Certainly not those individuals or the cities that have to utilize their city taxes to handle the influx of patients on the streets. The obvious winners would be education and health corporations who’s programs have been realigned to ameliorate the problem… for a fee of course.
    This usurpation of democracy for a dollarocracy is the hallmark of the Koch brothers and their money machine, ALEC, is a large part of the attack on America’s democracy. Gov. Branstad is a founding member of ALEC whose aim is to privatize every government function, destroy the social pillars of society and remove the guarantees of human rights so they can be donned by the corporations who’s “Human Rights” trump those of citizens.
    Open your eyes!!! Their goals are quickly becoming our reality!!
    This is TREASON against the US Constitution and the intent of our Founding Fathers!
    I am a “Son of the American Revolution” and refuse to be yoked by this overt coup perpetuated by Neo-libcon TRAITORS.

  3. canismajoris says:

    Folks throughout the USA need to mobilize to vote out ALEC members of their legislatures. This is simple and unabashed corruption that needs to be widely exposed.

  4. hetrose says:

    Republican Politicians supporting corporations in their never-ending quest to satiate their endless greed. This is why we can’t have nice things anymore.